- Anusuya Manikandan
Science behind Makar Sankranti / Pongal / Lohri -The harvest festival in India
Makar Sankranti is a Hindu harvest festival celebrated across India during January 14 every year. This day marks the end of winter and this event leads to the beginning of an auspicious phase of the arrival of spring. The days become longer and warmer compared to the nights, after this transition. It is the only Hindu festival falls on the same day of Julian calendar.
Makar Sankranti and beginning of Harvest Season in India
Hindus revere the sun god as a symbol of divinity and wisdom. The harvest festival is a religious and seasonal celebration for the sun God. This also marks the sun’s arrival in Zodiac Makara (Capricorn). Makara Sankranti marks the entry of Sun into 0th degree of Makara or Capricorn. The solar month born on Makara Sankranti is the first month starting within the Uttarayana (Phase of Sun returning from South to North).
How Makar Sankranti Celebrated across India
On this day, farmers across India tribute to Sun God, and wish for a good crop. The basic difference is that the same festival has different names depending on the region. Common to all the regional harvest festivals are bonfires and feasts. Another customary and popular practice associated with this festival is kite flying. In Gujarat's Ahmedabad, since 1989, the day has been observed as International Kite Festival.
Why Indians Celebrate the Sun God?
The Sun, is the primary source of energy, is critical not only for the continuation of the food-chain but it also energize the mind and body. Exposure to the Sun in early morning further provides the human body with Vitamin D, which has been widely recommended around the world for healthy mind and body.
What is harvested after Makar Sankranti?
On this day in villages, people rejoice this festival with their new harvests like sugarcane, groundnut, paddy, turmeric, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, till seeds, and other food grains.
What we supply and export?
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