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  • Anusuya Manikandan

Wheat Production, Types, Export and Price in India

Updated: Apr 7, 2022

Wheat is one of the main food grain in India. Since wheat is rich in protein, carbohydrates and vitamins, it is becoming staple food for millions of people across the world. Because of continuous research and practice, the productivity of wheat have increased multitudes from 663 kg/hectare in 1947 to 3464 kg/hectare in 2021. Wheat is commonly cultivated in the northern part of India as shown in the map including the states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan etc. Wheat is a major Rabi Crop in India, which is sown in November once the monsoon is over and cultivated in April/May.

Types of Wheat

The main varieties of wheat grown in India are as follows VL-832,VL-804, HS-365, HS-240 , HD2687,WH-147, WH-542, PBW-343, WH-896(d), PDW-233(d), UP-2338, PBW-502, Shresth (HD 2687), Aditya (HD 2781), HW-2044, HW-1085, NP-200(di), HW-741.

Difference between Hard and soft wheat?

Hard Wheat: Durum Wheat (Triticum durum) it has high gluten and protein content than soft wheat. It is used for Pasta. The high gluten content in the hard wheat provides good elasticity to the dough and absorbs more water. This will be available mostly from Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and some parts of Punjab and Rajasthan. hard wheat is mostly the summer crop.

Soft Wheat: Common wheat (Triticum aestivum) is most commonly grown wheat, which has less protein content than the hard wheat and often used to make bread, cake, cookies etc. This variety is commonly grown in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal and Assam, etc.

Global Production of Wheat

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates that the World Wheat Production 2021/2022 will be 778.52 million metric tons. India is second largest producer of Wheat and next to China. The top producer of Wheat around the globe is given below. (Use desktop mode to see the interactive charts)

Production of Wheat in India

Major wheat growing states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Gujarat.

State wise Production of Wheat in India

Export of Wheat

Wheat is being exported to Africa, China, Middle east etc from Russia, Ukraine, India etc. The top exporters of Wheat is shown below.

India export wheat in 4 HSN codes, which are 10019910-Other Wheat, 10011900-Other Durum Wheat Excluding Seed, 10011100-Durum Wheat Of Seed Quality, and 10019100-Wheat And Meslin Seed Excl. Durum Wheat. The export is routed through the State Trading Corporations (STE), which is Food Corporation of India (FCI). The restricted items are Wheat of Seed quality, which can be exported by the licence holders with permission from DGFT. The top import destinations (buyers) of Indian are given below.

Wheat Export from India

As population of India is more, India consumes more Wheat, and partly being exported to Bangladesh, Nepal, United Arab Emirates, Sri Lanka and Yemen Republic.

Price of Indian Wheat for Exports

The daily FOB price of Wheat is updated in the Price page of (Click here). The previous years FOB price has also been listed here.

Wheat Exporters in India

We are one among the listed wheat supplier/ exporter in India. We have the suppliability for export and domestic Indian Wheat of 25,000MT per month. If you need Wheat, you are in right place, Contact / +91-7010225247 for price quote.

Apart from Wheat, we supply Rice, Sugar, and Maize. Our manufacturers are GACC approved facility eligible to export to China. Our manufacturers also registered with FDA, HACCP and ISO certified.

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